Various images of buildings showing damage from the Warsaw Uprising. From left to right on the top: Swietokrzyska Street, The Palace of Culture (not existing at the time of the Uprising), The Prudential Building (the pre-war tallest building in the city and later known as Hotel Warszawa), Kierbedzia bridge, the central railway station, and Nowy Swiat Street.
The Prudential Building/Hotel Warsawa is still in existence; however, it is undergoing a rebuild to become a four-star hotel. On August 28, 1944 the building was stuck with a two-ton German shell during the Warsaw Uprising. The event was the subject of one of the famous photographs of the Uprising taken by Sylwester Braun, code name "Kris."
The Prudential Building hit by a shell, August 28, 1944 (Photolink)
The Royal Castle of Warsaw. Originally constructed from 1598 through 1619, the Royal Palace or Zamek, The castle was a prominent target of the Germans during the 1939 invasion for its symbolism. The roof was removed to help decompensation of the building and after the 1944 Uprising the remains of the building were dynamited by the Germans leaving little more than a pile of rubble as they evacuated the city in January 1945.
The building was rebuilt with donations from the US in between 1971 through 1984.
Warszawa - Archcathedral Basilica of Saint John the Baptist.
Located in the heart of Old Town, the Cathedral of Saint John was heavily damaged after the Uprisin. The Germans had detonated a tank in the building and then drilled holes and dynamited the rest of the building after the Uprising in their attempt to totally destroy the city.
As one can see, it was rebuilt after the war, but in the style believed of it's 14th century appearance, not it's pre-war appearance.
Today marks the 73rd anniversary of the beginning of the Warsaw Uprising. Lasting from August 1, 1944 through October 2, 1944, the inhabitants of Warsaw fought to free Warsaw by the occupying German forces while the Soviet allies waited on the other side of the river giving no assistance.
After the Uprising, the Germans forced everyone to leave the city while they stayed there until the end of January 1945 purposefully burning and destroying every building they could. An estimated 80-90% of the city was destroyed during the war.
This card shows the destruction to one side of the Old Town Market Square and what the buildings look like today.
All over Spain, but especially in the south, courtyards filled with orange and palm trees are one of the strongest reminders of the influence of Moorish architecture. All rooms open onto the courtyard, making it the center of the house.
Thus with today and the next three days we bring the packet of postcards that my friend Mark gave me of Spanish images to a conclusion. I hope you've enjoyed them.
The small portrait of Marie Sklodowska from the time of her studies at the Sorbonne, 1892.
Marie Sklodowska would become arguably one of the most famous and honored scientists of the twentieth century, if not all time. The only individual, male or female, to receive two Nobel Prizes in the two different scientific disciplines, you may better know her as Marie Curie.
The central market square of Rzeszow. Underneath the square is a series of tunnels used originally for cold storage by merchants and traders. It is connected to a number of the buildings around the square.
A bold coat of green paint helps to highlight the curved walls, original doors, and windows, and unusual proportions in a residence at La Pedrera a landmark apartment building in Barcelona designed by Antonio Gaudi.
The hotel still exists. It is now the Radisson Royal Hotel and was originally commissioned by Soviet dictator Josef Stalin. It originally opened on May 25, 1957 and still for some purposes uses the older name Ukraina Hotel
The church in the distance is the Church of the Holy Spirit. During World War II the church was almost totally destroyed by the Germans.
Just on the left side of the postcard, where the pedestrians are on the sidewalk, is the birthplace and museum of Marie Curie. The tall structure on the left side of the street just past the lamppost is Saint Hyacinth's Church. During the Warsaw Uprising Saint Hyacinth's was used as a field hospital, making it a heavy target of German bombings. Over 1,000 insurgents and civilians were killed there.
The Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw was originally named after Josef Stalin. After Stalin's death and destalinization, the building had Stalin's name removed. It currently houses many offices, theaters, museums, a large auditorium, shops, and a swimming pool.
Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik in Polish) was the Polish astronomer who formulated during the Renaissance a model of the solar system where the sun, not the Earth, was at the center. Born in Torun, Poland, on February 19, 1473, he is probably the most famous resident of the city and is one of the most famous scientists and astronomers in Polish history.
The old building of the V. I. Lenin State Library (former P. Pashkov's house) Architect V. Bazhenov
The building is now part of the Russian State Library (after the national library went through de-Leninization after the fall of communism.) The building was previously the Rumyantsev Museum, the first public museum in Russia, but was closed down by the Soviets in the 1920s.
Monument of V. I. Lenin in October Square (sculptors L. Kerbel, V. Fedorov, architects G. Makarevich, A. Samsonov)
I cannot find out if this statue is still standing. The October Square however was apparently renamed "Revolutionary Square" since the fall of the Soviet Union. This card is dated 1989, only a few years before the fall of the Soviet Union.